Pâte brisée: Homemade Recipe

Pâte brisée, also known as shortcrust pastry, is a classic French pastry dough that is versatile and easy to make at home. It is used in a variety of sweet and savory dishes, from quiches and tarts to pies and galettes. Making your own pâte brisée from scratch is simple and ensures a flaky, buttery crust that will elevate any dish.


  • 250g all-purpose flour
  • 125g cold butter, cubed
  • 12 tsp salt
  • 1 large egg
  • 2-3 tbsp cold water

Detailed Ingredient List:

  • All-purpose flour: Provides the base for the pastry dough and gives it structure.
  • Cold butter, cubed: Adds richness and flakiness to the crust when combined with the flour.
  • Salt: Enhances the flavor of the dough and balances the sweetness of the fillings.
  • Large egg: Binds the ingredients together and adds richness and color to the dough.
  • Cold water: Helps bring the dough together without making it too sticky.


  1. In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour and salt. Add the cold, cubed butter and use your fingertips to rub the butter into the flour until the mixture resembles breadcrumbs.

  2. Make a well in the center of the mixture and add the egg. Use a fork to mix the egg into the flour mixture.

  3. Add the cold water, one tablespoon at a time, until the dough comes together. Be careful not to add too much water, as this will make the dough too sticky.

  4. Turn the dough out onto a floured surface and knead it gently until it forms a smooth ball. Wrap the dough in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes.

  5. Once chilled, remove the dough from the refrigerator and let it sit at room temperature for a few minutes to soften slightly. Roll out the dough on a floured surface to your desired thickness.

  6. Use the rolled-out dough to line a tart or pie dish, trimming any excess dough from the edges. Prick the base of the dough with a fork to prevent air bubbles from forming during baking.

  7. Fill the pastry shell with your desired filling and bake according to your recipe’s instructions.

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Additional Baking Tips:

  • Prevent Soggy Bottoms: To avoid a soggy bottom crust, blind bake the pastry shell before adding wet fillings.
  • Egg Wash: Brushing the crust with egg wash before baking gives it a golden, shiny finish.
  • Flavor Variations: Experiment with adding herbs, spices, or citrus zest to the dough for unique flavor profiles.

Tips for Success:

  • Use cold ingredients: Cold butter and cold water are essential for a flaky pastry dough.
  • Don’t overwork the dough: Be gentle when mixing and kneading the dough to avoid developing gluten, which can make the pastry tough.
  • Chill the dough: Resting the dough in the refrigerator allows the gluten to relax and the butter to solidify, resulting in a more tender crust.

By following these simple steps and tips, you can easily create a delicious homemade pâte brisée that will impress your family and friends. Enjoy experimenting with different fillings and variations to create your own signature dishes!


  1. What is pâte brisée?

Pâte brisée, also known as shortcrust pastry, is a classic French pastry dough that is versatile and easy to make at home.

  1. What are the main ingredients needed to make pâte brisée?

The main ingredients needed are all-purpose flour, cold butter, salt, a large egg, and cold water.

  1. Why is it important to use cold ingredients when making pâte brisée?
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Using cold butter and cold water is essential for achieving a flaky pastry dough.

  1. What are some tips for success when making pâte brisée?

Some tips for success include not overworking the dough, chilling the dough in the refrigerator, and using cold ingredients.

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